If you live in the city, you probably have never paid attention to matters to do with wells as you are used to the pipelines which bring the water to your home. However, if you reside in a rural area, it is very likely that you will need a well pump service. So, what is a well pump? A well pump is a machine that is installed after digging a well. Its sole purpose is to pump up groundwater from beneath the surface and bring it to your house where there is sufficient pressure and flow. That said, let us get into details of how the well pipe works;

First, the pump is installed at a depth of around 42 feet to get adequate flow and pressure. Next, you need to prime the pump by filling it with water using the hose pipe attached to it. You can submerse this hose in any nearby standing body of water, which will help you load your well pump. You must ensure that there are no obstructions between the surface and where your pump has been placed. Once loaded, switch on the power supply to your well pump, ensuring that it gets energy from outside sources. After priming, the next step is for you to start drawing water through your household faucets. This needs some time as it takes time for gravitational potential energy created by pumping up groundwater through wells in order to move the water up to your home’s plumbing system against the normal force of gravity. You can also hear a hissing sound due to the release of air trapped in the piping.

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Types of well pumps

There are three main types of well pumps which include;

  1. Submersible Pump: These is the most common type of well pump that is used by many people. The pump is placed in the pit of the well, and you can find a propeller at the bottom. This pumps water to a height of about 100 feet.These pumps are waterproof and can work underwater for months at time before needing maintenance or repairs, making them perfect for any well with an extensive supply of water below ground level.
  2. Jet pump: The high-powered jet pumps can deliver more water faster than other types of pumps, and they work in wells at all depths similar to their submersible counterparts. 
  3. Centrifugal Pump: These pumps are fitted with larger impellers, gears, cams, etc., which ensure a smooth transfer of energy from the motor to the impeller. It is a great option for shallow wells because it doesn’t require as much power. The downside to this type of well system, however, is that they are not effective at depths over 25 feet.


We believe that going through this read has helped you gain more insight into what well pumps are, the types, and ultimately how they work. You are now in a better position to choose one that will fit your needs accordingly.