You must agree with the statement that the internet is an integral part of your daily lives in today’s competitive and changing world. Nowadays, most people make their decisions online. Therefore, hosting a website is not an option but a requirement for all types of businesses. It is the first step to being and staying relevant in the market. However, to ease the process, testers can perform automation testing to overcome the manual testing challenges.
A website is not enough. It must be informative, user-friendly, and accessible.
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All You Should Know About Web Testing
Testing the web is software testing to check websites and web applications for possible bugs. It is a comprehensive testing of web-based software applications before they go live.
Before a web-based system is made available to users, it must be thoroughly tested from beginning to end.
Website testing allows organizations to verify that their web-based system works properly and is easily accepted by users.
Website testing is dominated by UI design and functionality.
1) Lambda Test
When it comes to cross-browser testing cloud, LambdaTest comes at the top of the list. LambdaTest, a cloud-based cloud-based cross-browser testing platform, is designed to provide testing web for cloud infrastructure.
With support for visual, manual, automated testing, and end to end testing your web app elements will render seamlessly on every desktop and mobile browser. Lambda Test allows you to access more than 3000+ combinations of mobile and desktop browsers from the cloud.
BitBar makes sure you provide the best web experience for your customers on all devices and browsers. You can easily run exploratory and manual tests on a variety of real browsers, mobile and desktop.
BitBar can help you reduce the stress of cross-platform testing. We offload the setup, ongoing maintenance and device upgrades.
3) Load Ninja
Load Ninja allows you to load-test your web app with real browsers. Test scripts can be replayed immediately following recording. This produces actionable browser-based performance information that helps identify and debug issues.
You can test for all links on web pages, database connections and forms used to submit or get information from users. Cookies testing is also possible.
Check out all the links:
a) Check the links to the domain you are testing.
b) All internal links should be tested.
c) You can test links that jump on the same page.
d) To send emails to the admin and other users via web pages, test links can be used.
e) To check if there are orphan pages,
Test forms for all pages: Forms form an integral part of any website. For users to provide information and interact with each other, forms are essential. What should you check in these forms?
a) Check all validations for each field.
b) Verify that the default values are correct in each field.
c) Incorrect inputs into the forms to the fields.
d) You have the option to delete a view or modify the forms.
Let’s look at the current search engine project I am currently working on. We have both affiliate and advertiser signup steps in this project. Each step of the signup process is unique, but each one depends on the others.
The signup flow must be completed correctly. There are many field validations, such as email ids and user financial information validations. These validations must be checked manually or automatically via web testing.
Cookie Testing: Cookies can be small files that are stored on the user’s computer. These files are used to keep the session alive, mainly for login sessions. You can test the application by disabling or enabling cookies from your browser options.
Before writing to the user’s machine, verify that the cookies have been encrypted. Session cookies can be used to test session cookies.
Cookies that expire after the session is over; you should check for session statistics and login sessions after the session ends. You can check the impact of cookies on application security by deleting them. I will soon write another article about cookie testing.
Validate HTML/CSS: If you want to optimize your site for Search engines, HTML/CSS validation will be the most important. Validate the site for HTML syntax mistakes. Verify that the site can be crawled by different search engines.
Database Testing: Data consistency is another important aspect of a web app. DB-related functions can be edited, deleted, modified, or modified to check for data integrity.
Verify that all database queries have been executed correctly. Also, verify that data has been retrieved and updated correctly. We will discuss database testing in more detail below.
To test the functionality of websites, the following should be done:
i) Internal Links
ii) External Links
iii) Mail Links
iv) Broken Links
i) Validation in the field
ii) For incorrect input, an error message
iii) Both mandatory and optional fields
iv) Database: Testing will be performed to verify database integrity.
When we talk about usability testing, it is a process in which the human-computer interaction characteristic of a system is measured, and certain errors are spotted and rectified accordingly.
Eventually, in web testing, the server-side interface should be tested. The testing is done to verify that the communication is done properly. Also, the compatibility of the server with the software, hardware, network, and database should be tested.
Talking the essential interface, they are:
- Web server and application server interface
- Application server and database server interface.
When it comes to the compatibility of a website, it becomes an important testing aspect for your business.
Here is a list of compatibility tests, that must be executed:
- Browser compatibility
- Operating System compatibility
- Mobile browsing
- Printing Option
The web application should sustain heavy loading and web performance testing should include:
i) Web load testing
ii) Web stress testing
The application performance testing can be done at different internet connection speeds.
i) You can test by copying the URL into your browser address bar, without logging in. You should not be able to open internal pages.
ii) You can change URL options by directly changing the URL options if you’re logged in with a username/password and are browsing internal pages. I.e. You can check some publisher site statistics by entering publisher site ID=123. You can change the URL site ID parameter directly to another site ID that isn’t related to the logged-in user. This user should not be able to see other people’s stats.
iii) You can try invalid inputs such as login username, password, and input text boxes. You can check the system’s response to any invalid inputs.
iv) Web directories and files shouldn’t be accessed directly without being given the option to download them.
v) To automate script logins, test the CAPTCHA.
vi) You can test if SSL has been used to protect your computer. If SSL is used, users should be able to switch between non-secure HTTP://webpages and secure HTTPS://webpages.
vii) Log files on the webserver should contain all transactions, error messages, and security breaches.
Hopefully, the above-mentioned web testing principle will help you to understand the various aspects of web application testing. When you are writing a test plan to test your website, make sure to verify other aspects.